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اختصارات پزشکی

اختصارات پزشکی به زبان انگلیسی MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS | کافه پزشکی

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alpha: Bunsen solubility coefficient; first in a series; specific rotation term; heavy chain class corresponding to IgA

a-h the right handed helical form assumed by many proteins

a-T a tocopherol

a (specific) absorption (coefficient) (USUALLY ITALIC); (total) acidity; area; (systemic) arterial (blood) (SUBSCRIPT); asymmetric; atto

A absorbance

A adenosine (or adenylic acid); alveolar gas (SUBSCRIPT); ampere

Å angstrom; Ångström unit

aw

a[G.] ana of each (USED in prescriptions)

AA amino acid; aminoacyl

a.c. [L.] ante cibum, before a meal

A:G R albumin globulin ratio

Ab antibody

AB abortion

ABG arterial blood gas

ABI ankle-brachial index

abl Abelson murine leukemia virus

ABLB alternate binaural loudness balance (test)

ABO blood group system

ABR abortus Bang ring (test); auditory brainstem response (audiometry)

g-Abu-g aminobutyric acid

ABVD Adriamycin (doxorubicin), bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine

ac acetyl

a.c. [L.] ante cibum, before a meal

aC arabinosylcytosine

Ac acetyl; actinium

AC acetate; acromioclavicular; air conduction; alternating current; atriocarotid

AC:A accommodation convergence accommodation (ratio)

ACE angiotension converting enzyme

ACEI angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor

AcG accelerator globulin

ac-g accelerator globulin

ACh, Ach acetylcholine

aCL anticardiolipin (antibody)

ACP acyl carrier protein

ACTH adrenocorticotropic

hormone (corticotropin)

AD Alzheimer disease

mAD [L.] auris dextra, right

ear

ADD attention deficit disorder

ad lib. [L.] ad libitum, freely,

as desired

Ade adenine

ADH antidiuretic hormone

ADHD attention deficit

hyperactivity disorder

ADLs activities of daily living

Ado adenosine

ADP adenosine 5´ diphosphate

ADR adverse drug reaction

A-E above the elbow (amputation)

AECB acute exacerbation of

chronic bronchitis

AED automated external

defibrillator

AFB acid fast bacillus

AFORMED alternating failure

of response, mechanical,

to electrical depolarization

AFP a-fetoprotein

Ag antigen; [L.] argentum,

silver

AHF antihemophilic factor

AHG antihemophilic globulin

AID artificial insemination

donor

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency

syndrome

AIH artificial insemination by

husband; artificial insemination,

homologous

A-K above the knee (amputation)

Al aluminum

Ala alanine (or its monoradical

or diradical)

ALA d-aminolevulinic acid

ALD adrenoleukodystrophy

ALL acute lymphocytic

leukemia

ALS advanced life support;

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;

antilymphocyte serum

ALT alanine aminotransferase

Am americium

AML acute myelogenous

leukemia

AMP adenosine monophosphate

(adenylic acid)

amu atomic mass unit

ANA antinuclear antibody

ANF antinuclear factor

ANOVA analysis of variance

ANS autonomic nervous system

ANUG acute necrotizing

ulcerative gingivitis

AP anteroposterior

APA antipernicious anemia

(factor)

APAP acetaminophen

A-P-C adenoidal pharyngeal

conjunctival (virus)

APC antigen presenting cell

aPS antiphospholipid antibody

syndrome

APTT activated partial

thromboplastin time

Ar argon

araC arabinosylcytosine

(cytarabine)

ARDS adult or acute respiratory

distress syndrome

ARF acute renal failure; acute

rheumatic fever

Arg arginine (or its monoradical

or diradical)

AROM active range of

motion

mAS [L.] auris sinistra, left

ear

As arsenic

ASA acetylsalicylic acid

(aspirin)

ASCP American Society of

Clinical Pathologists

ASC-US atypical squamous

cells of undetermined significance

ASHD arteriosclerotic heart

disease

Asn asparagine (or its mono

or diradical)

ASO antistreptolysin O

Asp aspartic acid (or its radical

forms)

AST aspartate aminotransferase

At astatine

  1. wt. atomic weight

ATFL anterior talofibular ligament

ATL adult T cell leukemia;

adult T cell lymphoma

atm (standard) atmosphere

ATP adenosine 5´ triphosphate

ATPase adenosine triphosphatase

ATPD ambient temperature

and pressure, dry

ATPS ambient temperature

and pressure, saturated

(with water vapor)

mAU [L.] auris utraque, each

ear, both ears

Au [L.] aurum, gold

AUC area under the curve

AV arteriovenous

A-V arteriovenous; atrioventricular

AVM arteriovenous malformation

AVN atrioventricular node

AVP antiviral protein

AW atomic weight

  1. axis

AZT azidothymidine (zidovudine)

B barometric (pressure) (SUBSCRIPT);

boron

b blood (SUBSCRIPT)

b second in a series

Ba barium

BADLs basic activities of

daily living

BAER brainstem auditory

evoked response

BAL British anti-Lewisite

(dimercaprol); bronchoalveolar

lavage

BALB binaural alternate

loudness balance (test)

BBB blood brain barrier; bundle

branch block

BBT basal body temperature

BCG bacille bilié de Calmette

Guérin (vaccine)

BE barium enema

B-E below the elbow (amputation)

Be beryllium

Bi bismuth

b.i.d. [L.] bis in die, twice a

day

BIDS brittle hair, impaired

intelligence, decreased fertility,

and short stature

(syndrome)

BIPAP bilevel positive airway

pressure

Bk berkelium

BM bowel movement

BMD bone mineral density

BMI body mass index

BNEd Bachelor of Nursing

Education

BNSc Bachelor of Nursing

Science

bp base pair

BP blood pressure; boiling

point; British

Pharmacopoeia

BPF bronchopleural fistula

BPH Bachelor of Public

Health

BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia

Bq becquerel (SI unit of

radionuclide activity)

Br bromine

BRAT (diet) banana, rice

cereal, applesauce, toast

BS, BSc Bachelor of Science

(Baccalaureus Scientiae)

BSA body surface area

BSE breast self-examination

BSER brainstem evoked

response (audiometry)

BSN Bachelor of Science in

Nursing

BSO bilateral salpingooophorectomy

BT bleeding time

BTPS body temperature,

ambient pressure, saturated

(with water vapor)

BTU British thermal unit

BTX botulinum toxin

BUN blood urea nitrogen

BUS Bartholin glands, urethra,

Skene glands

BVMS Bachelor of

Veterinary Medicine and

Surgery

Bx biopsy

c calorie (small); capillary

(blood); centi

C calorie (large); carbon;

Celsius; centigrade; clearance

(rate, renal) C; compliance;

concentration; cylindric(

lens); cytidine

c [L.] cum, with

C&S culture and sensitivity

C.C. chief complaint

c/o complains of

  1. [L.] circa, about, approximately

c-a cardioarterial

Ca calcium; cathodal; cathode

CA cancer; carcinoma; cardiac

arrest; chronologic

age; contrast angiography;

croup associated (virus);

cytosine arabinoside

CABG coronary artery bypass

graft

CAD coronary artery disease

cal calorie (small)

Cal calorie (large)

CAM complementary and

alternative medicine

cAMP cyclic adenosine

monophosphate

CAO conscious, alert, oriented

cap capsule

CAP catabolite (gene) activator

protein; communityacquired

pneumonia

CAPD continuous ambulatory

peritoneal dialysis

CAT computerized axial

tomography (obsolete)

CBC complete blood (cell)

count

CBG corticosteroid binding

globulin

CBT cognitive-behavioral

therapy

Cbz carbobenzoxy (chloride)

mcc, c.c. cubic centimeter

CCK cholecystokinin

CCNU chloroethylcyclohexylnitrosourea

(lomustine)

CCU coronary care unit; critical

care unit

cd candela

Cd cadmium

CD compact disc

CDA Certified Dental

Assistant

CDC (U.S) Centers for

Disease Control and

Prevention

cDNA complementary DNA

CDP cytidine 5´ diphosphate

Ce cerium

CEA carcinoembryonic antigen;

carotid endarterectomy

CELO chicken embryo lethal

orphan (virus)

CEP congenital erythropoietic

porphyria

CEU continuing education

unit

Cf californium

CF complement fixation; cystic

fibrosis; coupling factor

CG chorionic gonadotropin

CGA catabolite gene activator

cGMP cyclic guanosine

monophosphate

cgs, CGS centimeter-gramsecond

(system, unit)

Ch1 Christchurch (chromosome)

ChB Bachelor of Surgery

(Chirurgiae Baccalaureus)

ChD, Chir Doct Doctor of

Surgery (Chirurgiae

Doctor)

CHF congestive heart failure

ChM Master of Surgery

(Chirurgiae Magister)

CHO carbohydrate

Ci curie

CI color index; Colour Index;

confidence interval

CIE counterimmunoelectrophoresis

CIN cervical intraepithelial

neoplasia

CIQ cognitive laterality quotient

CIU chronic idiopathic

urticaria

CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

CK creatine kinase

CK-MB creatine kinase MB

isoenzyme

Cl chlorine

CL cardiolipin

CLA(ASCP) Clinical

Laboratory Assistant

(American Society of

Clinical Pathologists)

CLIA Clinical Laboratory

Improvement Amendments

CLL chronic lymphocytic

leukemia

cm centimeter

cM centimorgan

Cm curium

CMA Certified Medical

Assistant

CMC carpometacarpal

CME continuing medical

education

CMI cell mediated immunity

CML chronic myelogenous

leukemia

CMO Chief Medical Officer

CMP cytidine 5´ phosphate

(or any cytidine monophosphate)

CMT Certified Medical

Transcriptionist

CMV controlled mechanical

ventilation; cytomegalovirus

CNM Certified Nurse-

Midwife

CNP Community Nurse

Practitioner

CNS central nervous system

Co cobalt

CoA coenzyme A

COG center of gravity

conA concanavalin A

COPD chronic obstructive

pulmonary disease

COS Chief of Staff

CP cerebral palsy;

costophrenic

CPAP continuous (or constant)

positive airway pressure

CPD cephalopelvic disproportion

CPK creatine phosphokinase

CPM continuous passive

motility

CPPB continuous (or constant)

positive pressure

breathing

CPPV continuous positive

pressure ventilation

CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation

cps cycles per second

CPT Current Procedural

Terminology

Cr chromium; creatinine

CR Chief Resident; conditioned

reflex; crown rump

(length)

CRD chronic respiratory disease

CRH corticotropin releasing

hormone

CRL crown rump length

CRNA Certified Registered

Nurse Anesthetist

CRNP Certified Registered

Nurse Practitioner

CRP cross reacting protein

CRST calcinosis cutis,

Raynaud phenomenon,

sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia

(syndrome)

CRT Certified Respiratory

Therapist

Cs cesium

CS cesarean section; Chief of

Staff

CSD catscratch disease

CSF cerebrospinal fluid;

colony-stimulating factor

CT computed tomography

CTP cytidine 5´ triphosphate

CTR cardiothoracic ratio

Cu [L.] cuprum, copper

CV cardiovascular

CVA cerebral vascular

(cerebrovascular) accident,

costovertebral angle

CVP central venous pressure

CVS cardiovascular system;

chorionic villus sampling

CXR chest x-ray

Cyd cytidine

BNP brain natriuretic peptide

cyl cylinder; cylindric (lens)

CYP cytochrome P-450

(enzyme)

Cys cysteine

Cyt cytosine

D delta; change; heat

d delta; heavy chain class corresponding

to IgD

D & C dilatation and curettage

D & E dilatation and evacuation

D Dalton, dead (space gas)

(SUBSCRIPT); deciduous;

deuterium; diffusing

(capacity); dihydrouridine

(in nucleic acids); diopter;

[L.] dexter, right (opposite

of left); vitamin D potency

of cod liver oil

d deci-; day

d deuterium

d dextrorotatory

D- prefix indicating that a

molecule is sterically analogous

to D glyceraldehyde

da deca

dA deoxyadenosine

Da dalton

DA developmental age

dAdo deoxyadenosine

dAMP deoxyadenylic acid

DANS 1-dimethylaminonaphthalene

۵ sulfonic acid

db decibel

dB decibel

DC Dental Corps; Doctor of

Chiropractic; direct current

mD/C discharge; discontinue

DCG dacryocystography

DCh Doctor of Surgery

(Doctor Chirurgiae)

DCI dichloroisoproterenol

dCMP deoxycytidylic acid

DDS Doctor of Dental

Surgery

DDT dichlorodiphenyl

trichloroethane (chlorophenothane)

def decayed, extracted, or

filled (deciduous teeth)

DEF decayed, extracted, or

filled (permanent teeth)

DES diethylstilbestrol

DET diethyltryptamine

DEV duck embryo vaccine;

duck embryo virus

DEXA dual energy x-ray

absorptiometry

df decayed and filled (deciduous

teeth)

DF decayed and filled (permanent

teeth)

Df deficiency (absence or

inactivation of a gene)

dGMP deoxyguanosine

monophosphate

(deoxyguanylic acid)

DH Dental Hygienist

DHEA dehydro-3-epiandrosterone

DIC disseminated intravascular

coagulation

DIF direct immunofluorescence

DIP desquamative interstitial

pneumonia; distal interphalangeal

(joint)

DJD degenerative joint disease

dk deca-, deka-

DKA diabetic ketoacidosis

dL deciliter

dM decimorgan

DM diabetes mellitus

DMARD disease-modifying

antirheumatic drug

DMD Doctor of Dental

Medicine; Duchenne muscular

dystrophy

DME Director of Medical

Education

dmf decayed, missing, or

filled (deciduous teeth)

DMF decayed, missing, or

filled (permanent teeth)

DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide

DMT N,N dimethyltryptamine

DMV Doctor of Veterinary

Medicine

DN dibucaine number

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid

DNB Diplomate of the

National Board (of Medical

Examiners)

DNE Director of Nursing

Education; Doctor of

Nursing Education

DNP deoxyribonucleoprotein;

۲,۴ dinitrophenol

DNR do not resuscitate

DNS Director of Nursing

Service(s)

DO Doctor of Osteopathy

DOA dead on arrival

DOB date of birth

DOC deoxycholic acid;

deoxycorticosterone

DOE dyspnea on exertion

DOM 2,5-dimethoxy-4-

methylamphetamine

DON Director of Nursing

DOT directly observed therapy

DP Doctor of Pharmacy;

Doctor of Podiatry

Dp duplication of a gene or

chromosomal segment

۲,۳ DPG 2,3 diphosphoglycerate

DPH Doctor of Public Health;

Doctor of Public Hygiene

DPharm Doctor of Pharmacy

DPI dry powder inhaler

DPM Doctor of Physical

Medicine; Doctor of

Podiatric Medicine

DPN diphosphopyridine

nucleotide

DPT dipropyltryptamine;

diphtheria, pertussis, and

tetanus (vaccines)

dr dram

DR degeneration reaction,

reaction of degeneration

Dr Med Doctor of Medicine

DRE digital rectal examination

DRG diagnosis-related group

DrPH Doctor of Public

Health; Doctor of Public

Hygiene

DRVVT dilute Russell viper

venom test

D-S Doerfler Stewart (test)

DSA digital subtraction

angiography

DSc Doctor of Science

DSD dry sterile dressing

dsDNA double-stranded DNA

DSM Diagnostic and

Statistical Manual of

Mental Disorders of the

American Psychiatric

Association

dT deoxythymidine

DT delirium tremens; duration

of tetany

dTDP deoxythymidine 5

diphosphate

dThd thymidine

DTIC dimethyltrizenoimidazole

carboxamide (dacarbazine)

dTMP deoxythymidylic acid

DTP diphtheria and tetanus

toxoids and pertussis vaccine;

distal tingling on percussion

(Tinel sign)

DTPA diethylenetriamine

pentaacetic acid

DTR deep tendon reflex

dTTP deoxythymidine 5´

triphosphate

DVM Doctor of Veterinary

Medicine

DVT deep vein thrombosis

Dx diagnosis

Dy dysprosium

e epsilon; molar absorption

coefficient; heavy chain

class corresponding to IgE

E exa ; extraction (ratio)

EB Epstein Barr (virus)

EBV Epstein Barr virus

ECF extended care facility;

extracellular fluid

ECF-A eosinophilic chemotactic

factor of anaphylaxis

ECG electrocardiogram

ECHO enterocytopathogenic

human orphan (virus)

ECM erythema chronicum

migrans

ECMO extracorporeal membrane

oxygenation

ECS electrocerebral silence

ECT electroconvulsive therapy

ED eating disorder; effective

dose; emergency department;

erectile dysfunction

EDC expected date of confinement

recipe, (the first word on a

prescription), take; prescription;

treatment

EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic

acid (edathamil,

edetic acid)

EEG electroencephalogram

EENT eye, ear, nose, and

throat

EIA enzyme immunoassay

EKG [German]

Elektrokardiogramme, electrocardiogram

EKY electrokymogram

ELISA enzyme-linked

immunosorbent assay

EMC encephalomyocarditis

(virus)

EMF electromotive force

EMG electromyogram; exomphalos,

macroglossia, and

gigantism (syndrome)

EMS eosinophilia-myalgia

syndrome

EMT Emergency Medical

Technician

ENG electronystagmography

ENT ear, nose, and throat

EOG electrooculography

EOM extraocular muscle(s)

EPAP expiratory positive airway

pressure

EPO erythropoietin

ER endoplasmic reticulum;

emergency room

Er erbium

ERBF effective renal blood

flow

ERCP endoscopic retrograde

cholangiopancreatography

ERG electroretinogram

ERPF effective renal plasma

flow

ERT estrogen replacement

therapy

ERV expiratory reserve volume

Es einsteinium

ESEP extreme somatosensory

evoked potential

ESP extrasensory perception

ESR electron spin resonance;

erythrocyte sedimentation

rate

ESRD end stage renal disease

ESWL extracorporeal shockwave

lithotripsy

EtOH ethyl alcohol

Eu europium

ev electron volt

eV electron volt

F Fahrenheit; faraday (constant);

fertility (factor);

field (of vision); fluorine;

force; fractional (concentration);

free (energy)

f femto-; (respiratory) frequency

F1 first filial generation

F1.2 (prothrombin) fragment

۱٫۲

FAAN Fellow of the

American Academy of

Nursing

FAAP Fellow of the

American Academy of

Pediatrics

Fab fragment of antibody

molecule involved in antigen

binding

FACA Fellow of the

American College of

Anesthesiology

FACAL Fellow of the

American College of

Allergy

FACC Fellow of the

American College of

Cardiologists

FACD Fellow of the

American College of

Dentists

FACFP Fellow of the

American College of

Family Physicians

FACO Fellow of the

American College of

Otolaryngology

FACOG Fellow of the

American College of

Obstetricians and

Gynecologists

FACOS Fellow of the

American College of

Orthopaedic Surgeons

FACP Fellow of the

American College of

Physicians

FACR Fellow of the

American College of

Radiology

FACS Fellow of the

American College of

Surgeons

FAD flavin(e) adenine dinucleotide;

familial Alzheimer

disease

FAMA Fellow of the

American Medical

Association

FANA fluorescent antinuclear

antibody (test)

FAP familial adenomatous

polyposis

FB foreign body

FBS fasting blood sugar

Fc constant fragment of an

antibody molecule

FDA (U.S.) Food and Drug

Administration

Fe [L.] ferrum, iron

FEF forced expiratory flow

FET forced expiratory time

FEV forced expiratory volume

FF filtration fraction

FFD focus film distance

FHR fetal heart rate

FHT fetal heart tones

FIA fluorescent immunoassay

FIGLU formiminoglutamic

(acid)

FISH fluorescent in situ

hybridization

Fm fermium

FMN flavin(e) mononucleotide

FNA fine-needle aspiration

fps, FPS foot pound second

(system, unit)

Fr francium; French (gauge,

scale)

FRC functional residual

capacity (of lungs)

French (catheter gauge)

FRF follicle stimulating hormone

releasing factor

FRS first rank symptom

Fru fructose

FSH follicle stimulating hormone

FSH-RF follicle stimulating

hormone releasing factor

FSH-RH follicle stimulating

hormone releasing hormone

FTA-ABS fluorescent treponemal

antibody absorption

(test)

FU fluorouracil

F/U follow-up

FUO fever of unknown origin

FVC forced vital capacity

Fw F wave (fibrillary wave,

flutter wave)

Fx fracture

g gamma; Ostwald solubility

coefficient; the third in a

series; heavy chain class

corresponding to IgG

G 1 gap 1

G 2 gap 2

G giga ; glucose; gravitation

(newtonian constant of);

guanosine (or guanylic

acid) residues in polynucleotides;

gravida (obstetric

history)

g gram

G6P glucose 6 phosphate

Ga gallium

GABA g-aminobutyric acid

GABHS group-A b-hemolytic

Streptococcus

Gal galactose

GC gonococcus, gonorrhea

GCS Glasgow coma scale

Gd gadolinium

GDP mannose 1 phosphate

guanylyltransferase

Ge germanium

GERD gastroesophageal

reflux disease

GFR glomerular filtration rate

GGT g-glutamyl transferase

GH glenohumeral; growth

hormone

GHB g-hydroxybutyrate

GHRF growth hormone

releasing factor

GH-RF growth hormone

releasing factor

GHRH growth hormone

releasing hormone

GH-RH growth hormone

releasing hormone

GI gastrointestinal; Gingival

Index

GIP gastric inhibitory

polypeptide

GLC gas liquid chromatography

Gln glutamine; glutaminyl

Glu glutamic acid; glutamyl

Gly glycine; glycyl

GMO General Medical

Officer

GMP guanosine monophosphate

(guanylic acid)

GMS Gomori (or Grocott)

methenamine silver (stain)

GN Graduate Nurse

GnRH gonadotropin releasing

hormone

GOT glutamic oxaloacetic

transaminase (aspartate

aminotransferase)

GPI Gingival Periodontal

Index

GPT glutamic pyruvic

transaminase (alanine

aminotransferase)

gr grain

GSH reduced glutathione

GSR galvanic skin response

GSSG oxidized glutathione

GSW gunshot wound

  1. [L.] gutta, a drop

GTP guanosine 5´ triphosphate

gtt. [L.] guttae, drops

GTT glucose tolerance test

GU genitourinary

Guo guanosine

GVHD graft versus host disease

Gy gray (unit of absorbed

dose of ionizing radiation)

GYN gynecology

h hecto

۱H hydrogen-1 (protium, light

hydrogen)

۲H hydrogen-2 (deuterium,

heavy hydrogen)

۳H hydrogen-3 (tritium,

radioactive hydrogen)

H henry; hydrogen; hyperopia;

hyperopic

h Planck constant

H & E hematoxylin and eosin

H & H hematocrit and hemoglobin

H+ hydrogen ion

Ha hahnium

HA hyaluronic acid; hemagglutinin

HAART highly active antiretroviral

therapy

HAV hepatitis A virus

Hb hemoglobin

HbA adult hemoglobin

HbA1 major component of

adult hemoglobin

HbA2 minor fraction of adult

hemoglobin

HbAS heterozygosity for

hemoglobin A and hemoglobin

S (sickle cell trait)

HBcAg Hepatitis B core antigen

HbCO carboxyhemoglobin

HBe Hepatitis B early antigen

HBeAb Hepatitis B early antibody

HbeAg Hepatitis B early antigen

HbF fetal hemoglobin

Hbg hemoglobin

HBIG hepatitis B immune

globulin

HBO hyperbaric oxygen

HbO2 oxyhemoglobin, oxygenated

hemoglobin

HbS sickle cell hemoglobin

HBsAb hepatitis B surface

antibody

HBsAg hepatitis B surface

antigen

HBV hepatitis B virus

HCFA Health Care Financing

Administration

HCG human chorionic

gonadotropin

HCl hydrochloric acid;

hydrochloride

HCS human chorionic

somatomammotropin

(human placental lactogen)

Hct hematocrit

HCV Hepatitis C virus

  1. d. [L.] hora decubitus, at

bedtime

HDL high-density lipoprotein

HDRV human diploid (cell

strain) rabies vaccine

He helium

HEMPAS hereditary erythroblastic

multinuclearity

associated with positive

acidified serum

Hf hafnium

HFJV high frequency jet ventilation

HFOV high frequency oscillatory

ventilation

HFPPV high frequency positive

pressure ventilation

HFV high frequency ventilation

Hg [L.] hydrargyrum, mercury

Hgb hemoglobin

HGE human granulocytic

ehrlichiosis

HGH human (pituitary)

growth hormone

HGSIL high-grade squamous

intraepithelial lesion

HI hemagglutination inhibition

(test, titer)

۵-HIAA 5-hydroxyindoleacetic

acid

HIDA hepatobiliary iminodiacetic

acid (scan)

HIPAA Health Insurance

Portability and

Accountability Act

His histidine

-His histidino

His- histidyl

HIV human immunodeficiency

virus

Hl hyperopia, latent

HLA human lymphocyte antigen,

human leukocyte antigen

Hm hyperopia, manifest

(hypermetropia)

HME human monocytic ehrlichiosis

HMG CoA 3 hydroxy 3

methylglutaryl coenzyme A

HMG human menopausal

gonadotropin

HMO Health Maintenance

Organization

HMWK high molecular

weight kininogen (Fletcher

factor)

Ho holmium

h/o history of

HPF high power field

HPI history of present illness

HPL human placental lactogen

HPLC high performance liquid

chromatography

HPV human papillomavirus

HRCT high-resolution computed

tomography

  1. m s., HS [L.] hora somni,

at bedtime

HSV herpes simplex virus

۵-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine

(serotonin)

Ht hyperopia, total

HTLV human T cell lymphocytotrophic

virus; human T

cell lymphoma/leukemia

virus

HTN hypertension

HVL half value layer

Hx (medical) history

Hyp hydroxyproline

Hz hertz

۱۲۵I iodine 125

۱۳۱I iodine 131

۱۲۳I iodine 123 (radioisotope)

I inspired (gas) (SUBSCRIPT);

iodine

I & D incision and drainage

I & O (fluid) intake and output

IADLs instrumental activities

of daily living

IAP intermittent acute porphyria

IBD inflammatory bowel disease

IBS irritable bowel syndrome

IBW ideal body weight

ICA internal carotid artery

ICD International

Classification of Diseases

of the World Health

Organization; implantable

cardioverter-defibrillator

ICDA International

Classification of Diseases,

Adapted for Use in the

United States

ICF intracellular fluid

ICP intracranial pressure

ICSH interstitial cell stimulating

hormone

ICU intensive care unit

ID infective dose

IDU idoxuridine; injecting/

injection drug user

IF initiation factor; intrinsic

factor

IFN interferon

Ig immunoglobulin

IGF insulinlike growth factor

IL interleukin

ILA insulinlike activity

Ile isoleucine

IM internal medicine; intramuscular(

ly); infectious

mononucleosis

IMP inosine monophosphate

(inosinic acid)

IMS Indian Medical Service

IMV intermittent mandatory

ventilation

In indium

IND investigational new drug

Ino inosine

INR international normalized

ratio

IOML infraorbitomeatal line

IP interphalangeal; intraperitoneal(

ly)

IPAP inspiratory positive airway

pressure

IPPB intermittent positive

pressure breathing

IPPV intermittent positive

pressure ventilation

IPV inactivated poliovirus

vaccine

IQ intelligence quotient

Ir iridium

IRB institutional review

board

IRV inspiratory reserve volume

ISI International Sensitivity

Index

ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic

purpura; inosine 5´

triphosphate

IU International Unit

IUCD intrauterine contraceptive

device

IUD intrauterine device

IV intravenous, intravenously;

intraventricular

IVDA intravenous drug

abuse(r)

IVF in vitro fertilization

IVP intravenous pyelogram

J flux (density)

J joule

JMS Junior Medical Student

JVD jugular venous distention

K [Mod. L.] kalium, potassium;

kelvin

k kilo

kat katal

kb kilobase

kc kilocycle

kcal kilocalorie

KCT kaolin clotting time

kDa kilodalton

kg kilogram

KJ knee jerk

KM Michaelis constant

KOH potassium hydroxide

KP keratic precipitate

Kr krypton

۱۷-KS 17-ketosteroid

KS Kaposi sarcoma

KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder

kv kilovolt

kVp kilovolt peak

KW Kimmelstiel Wilson (disease);

Keith Wagener (retinal

changes)

l liter (use of CAPITAL letter

preferred)

L inductance; left; [L.] limes,

boundary, limit; liter

Lprefix indicating that a

molecule is sterically analogous

to L-glyceraldehyde

L:S R lecithin:sphingomyelin

ratio

La lanthanum

LA lupus anticoagulant

LAD left anterior descending

(coronary artery)

LAO left anterior oblique

(coronary artery)

LAP leucine aminopeptidase

LATS long acting thyroid

stimulator

LBT lupus band test

LBW low birth weight

LC lethal concentration

LCA left coronary artery

LCAT lecithin cholesterol

acyltransferase

LCM left costal margin; lymphocytic

choriomeningitis

(virus)

LD lethal dose

LDH lactate dehydrogenase

LDL low-density lipoprotein

LE left eye; lupus erythematosus

LEEP loop electrosurgical

excision procedure

LES lower esophageal

sphincter

LETS large external transformation

sensitive

(fibronectin)

Leu leucine

LFA left frontoanterior (fetal

position)

LFP left frontoposterior (fetal

position)

LFT left frontotransverse

(fetal position); liver function

test

LGSIL low grade squamous

intraepithelial lesion

LGV lymphogranuloma

venereum

LH luteinizing hormone

LH/FSH-RF luteinizing hormone/

follicle stimulating

hormone releasing factor

LH-RF luteinizing hormone

releasing factor

LH-RH luteinizing hormone

releasing hormone

Li lithium

LLQ left lower quadrant

LM Licentiate in Midwifery

LMA left mentoanterior (fetal

position)

LMP last menstrual period;

left mentoposterior (fetal

position)

LMT left mentotransverse

(fetal position)

LNPF lymph node permeability

factor

LOA left occipitoanterior

(fetal position)

LOC level of consciousness;

loss of consciousness

LOP left occipitoposterior

(fetal position)

LOT left occipitotransverse

(fetal position)

LP lumbar puncture

LPF low power field

LPH lipotropic pituitary hormone

(lipotropin)

LPN Licensed Practical Nurse

Lr lawrencium

LRCP Licentiate of the Royal

College of Physicians

LRCS Licentiate of the Royal

College of Surgeons

LRH luteinizing hormone

releasing hormone

LSA left sacroanterior (fetal

position)

LSD lysergic acid diethylamide

LSP left sacroposterior (fetal

position)

LST left sacrotransverse (fetal

position)

LTH luteotropic hormone

LTM long-term memory

LTR long terminal repeat

Lu lutetium

LUQ left upper quadrant

LV left ventricle

LVEF left ventricular ejection

fraction

LVET left ventricular ejection

time

LVH left ventricular hypertrophy

LVN Licensed Visiting

Nurse; Licensed Vocational

Nurse

Lw (former symbol for)

lawrencium (now Lr)

Lys lysine (or its radicals in

peptides)

mm mu; micro ; heavy chain

class corresponding to IgM

mmCi microcurie

mmg microgram

mml, mL microliter

mmm micrometer

mmm micromicro

M + Am compound myopic

astigmatism

m mass; meter; milliminim;

molar

m- meta

M mega , meg ; molar; moles

(per liter); morgan; myopic;

myopia

M molar; moles (per liter)

m moles (per liter)

mA milliampere

MA Master of Arts (Magister

Artium); Medical Assistant;

mental age

MAA macroaggregated albumin

MAb monoclonal antibody

MAC Mycobacterium avium

complex

MAI Mycobacterium aviumintracellulare

MAO monoamine oxidase

MAOI monoamine oxidase

inhibitor

MAP morning after pill

mA-S milliampere second

MAST military antishock

trousers

Mb myoglobin

MBC maximum breathing

capacity

MbCO carbon monoxided

myoglobin

MbO2 oxymyoglobin

MC Medical Corps

MCH mean corpuscular

hemoglobin

MCHC mean corpuscular

hemoglobin concentratio

mCi millicurie

MCL midclavicular line

mcm millimicron

MCP metacarpophalangeal

MCV mean corpuscular volume

MD Doctor of Medicine

(Medicinae Doctor)

MD [L.] Medicinae Doctor,

Doctor of Medicine

Md mendelevium

MDF myocardial depressant

factor

MDI metered dose inhaler

MDR multidrug-resistant

ME Medical Examiner

Me methyl

Med Tech Medical

Technician; Medical

Technologist

MEDLARS Medical

Literature Analysis and

Retrieval System

MEP maximal expiratory

pressure

meq, mEq milliequivalent

MeSH Medical Subject

Headings

Met methionine

MET metabolic equivalent of

task

metHb methemoglobin

metMb metmyoglobin

MEV million electron volts

(۱۰۶ ev)

mg milligram

Mg magnesium

MHC major histocompatibility

complex

mho siemens unit

MHz megahertz

MI mitral insufficiency;

myocardial infarction

MID minimal infecting dose

MIP maximum inspiratory

pressure

MK menaquinone (vitamin

K2)

mks, MKS meter kilogram

second (system, unit)

ml, mL milliliter

MLC mixed lymphocyte culture

(test)

MLD minimal lethal dose

mm millimeter

mmHg millimeters of mercury

(torr)

mmol millimole

MMPI Minnesota

Multiphasic Personality

Inventory (test)

MMR measles-mumps-rubella

(vaccine)

MMSE Mini-Mental State

Examination

Mn manganese

Mo molybdenum

MO Medical Officer; mineral

oil

MOC Medical Officer on

Call

MOD Medical Officer of the

Day

mol mole

mol wt molecular weight

MOM Milk of Magnesia

MOPP Mustargen

(mechlorethamine hydrocholoride),

Oncovin (vincristine

sulfate), procarbazine

hydrochloride, and

prednisone

MPD maximal permissible

dose

MPH Master of Public Health

MPS mononuclear phagocyte

system

MR milk ring (test); mitral

regurgitation

Mr molecular (weight) ratio

MRA magnetic resonance

augiography

MRCP Member of the Royal

College of Physicians

MRCS Member of the Royal

College of Surgeons

mrd, MRD minimal reacting

dose

MRI magnetic resonance

imaging

mRNA messenger RNA

MRSA methicillin-resistant

Staphylococcus aureus

MS Master of Science

MS I, II, III, IV medical

student: first, second, third,

and fourth year

mMS multiple sclerosis;

magnesium sulfate; morphine

sulfate

msec millisecond

m/sec meters per second

MSG monosodium glutamate

MSH melanocyte stimulating

hormone

MSM men who have sex with

men

MSN Master of Science in

Nursing

MT Medical Technologist;

Medical Transcriptionist;

Monitor Technician

mtDNA mitochondrial DNA

MTP metatarsophalangeal

(joint)

Mu Mache unit

MUGA multiple gated acquisition

(imaging)

mV millivolt

Mv mendelevium

MVA motor vehicle accident

MVE Murray Valley

encephalitis (virus)

MVV maximal voluntary ventilation

MW molecular weight

My myopia

n nu; kinematic viscosity

n index of refraction; nano

N newton; nitrogen; normal

(concentration)

N normal (SMALL caps)

Na [Modern L.] natrium,

sodium

NA Nomina Anatomica

NAD nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide; no apparent

(or acute) distress

NAD+ nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide (oxidized form)

NADH nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide (reduced form)

NADP nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide phosphate

NADP+ nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide phosphate

(oxidized form)

NADPH nicotinamide adenine

dinucleotide phosphate

(reduced form)

NAME nevi, atrial myxoma,

myxoid neurofibromas, and

ephelides (syndrome)

NANDA North American

Nursing Diagnosis

Association

Nb niobium

NCV nerve conduction velocity

Nd neodymium

Nd:YAG neodymium:yttriumaluminum-

garnet [laser]

NDA New Drug Application

Ne neon

NE norepinephrine; not examined

NEEP negative end expiratory

pressure

NF National Formulary

ng nanogram

NGF nerve growth factor

(antigen)

Ni nickel

NIH National Institutes of

Health

NK natural killer (cell)

NKA no known allergies

NLM National Library of

Medicine

nm nanometer

NMN nicotinamide mononucleotide

No nobelium

NP Nurse Practitioner

Np neptunium

NPO [L.] nihil per os, nothing

by mouth

NREM nonrapid eye movement

(sleep)

nRNA nuclear RNA

NS normal saline

NSAID nonsteroidal antiinflammatory

drug

NSR normal sinus rhythm

NUG necrotizing ulcerative

gingivitis

W omega; ohm

o- ortho

O [L.] oculus, eye; opening

(in formulas for electrical

reactions); oxygen

O & P ova and parasites

OAV oculoauriculovertebral

(dysplasia, syndrome)

OB obstetrics

OB/GYN obstetrics (and)

gynecology

OBS organic brain syndrome

OC oral contraceptive

OCD obsessive compulsive

disorder

OD Doctor of Optometry;

Officer of the Day; overdose

mOD [L.] oculus dexter,

right eye

ODD oculodentodigital (dysplasia,

syndrome)

Oe oersted (centimeter gram

second unit of magnetic

field strength)

OFD orofaciodigital (dysostosis,

syndrome)

OKT Ortho-Kung T (cell)

OML orbitomeatal line

OMM ophthalmomandibulomelic

(dysplasia, syndrome)

OMS organic mental syndrome

OP osmotic pressure; outpatient

OPV oral poliovirus vaccine

OR operating room

ORD optical rotatory dispersion

ORIF open reduction and

internal fixation

Orn ornithine (or its radical)

Oro orotate; orotic acid

Os osmium

mOS [L.] oculus sinister, left

eye

OSA obstructive sleep apnea

OSHA Occupational Safety

and Health Administration

OT occupational therapy;

Koch old tuberculin

OTC over the counter (nonprescription)

drug

mOU [L.] oculus uterque,

each eye (both eyes)

OXT oxytocin

oz ounce

p pico; pupil

p- para

P partial (pressure); peta ;

phosphorus, phosphoric

(residue); plasma (concentration);

pressure; para

(obstetric history)

۳۲P phosphorus-32

P1 first parental generation

PA Physician Assistant; posteroanterior

Pa pascal; protactinium

PA Physician’s Assistant;

posteroanterior; pulmonary

artery

PABA para-aminobenzoic

acid

PAF platelet-aggregating (or

platelet-activating) factor

PAH paraaminohippuric

(acid)

PAo2 partial pressure of arterial

oxygen

PAS para aminosalicylic

(acid), periodic acid Schiff

(reagent)

PASA para aminosalicylic

acid

PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

Pb [L.] plumbum, lead

PBG porphobilinogen

p.c. [L.] post cibum, after a

meal

PCB polychlorinated biphenyl

Pco2 partial pressure of carbon

dioxide

PCP phencyclidine; plasma

cell pneumonia

(Pneumocystic carinii pneumonia),

primary care

provider

PCR polymerase chain reaction

PCT percutaneous transhepatic

cholangiography

PCWP pulmonary capillary

wedge pressure

Pd palladium

PD prism diopter

PDA patent ductus arteriosus;

posterior descending artery

PDGF platelet derived growth

factor

PDLL poorly differentiated

lymphocytic lymphoma

PDR Physicians’ Desk

Reference

PEEP positive end expiratory

pressure

PEG polyethylene glycol

PET positron emission

tomography

PF4 platelet factor 4

PFT pulmonary function test

pg picogram

PG prostaglandin

PGA prostaglandin A

PGB prostaglandin B

PGE prostaglandin E

PGF prostaglandin F

pH hydrogen ion concentration;

p (power) of [H+]10

Ph phenyl

Ph1 Philadelphia (chromosome)

PHA phytohemagglutinin

(antigen)

Pharm D Doctor of

Pharmacy (Pharmaciae

Doctor)

PhD Doctor of Philosophy

(Philosophiae Doctor)

PhD [L.] Philosophiae

Doctor, Doctor of

Philosophy

Phe phenylalanine (or its radical)

PhG [L.] Pharmacopoeia

Germanica, German

Pharmacopeia

PhG Graduate in Pharmacy

PHN Public Health Nurse;

postherpetic neuralgia

PICC peripherally inserted

central catheter

PID pelvic inflammatory disease

PIF prolactin inhibiting factor

PIP proximal interphalangeal

(joint)

pK negative logarithm of the

ionization constant (Ka) of

an acid

PK pyruvate kinase

PKU phenylketonuria

pm picometer

Pm promethium

PM post mortem

PMI point of maximum intensity

PMN polymorphonuclear

(leukocyte)

PMS premenstrual syndrome

PN Practical Nurse

PND paroxysmal nocturnal

dyspnea; postnasal drip

PNP platelet neutralization

procedure

PNPB positive negative pressure

breathing

PNS peripheral nervous system

Po polonium

PO [L.] per os, by mouth

PO2, Po2 partial pressure of

oxygen

POEMS polyneuropathy,

organomegaly,

endocrinopathy, monoclonal

protein, and skin changes

(syndrome)

POMP prednisone, Oncovin

(vincristine sulfate),

methotrexate, and

Purinethol (6-mercaptopurine)

POR problem-oriented (medical)

record

PP pyrophosphate

PPCA proserum prothrombin

conversion accelerator

PPD purified protein derivative

(of tuberculin)

PPLO pleuropneumonia like

organism

ppm parts per million

PPO 2,5-diphenyloxazole

PPPPP pain, pallor, pulselessness,

paresthesia, paralysis

PPPPPP pain, pallor, pulselessness,

paresthesia, paralysis,

prostration

PPV positive pressure ventilation

Pr praseodymium; presbyopia

PR per rectum

PRA plasma renin activity

PRF prolactin releasing factor

PRL prolactin

p.r.n. PRN, [L.] pro re nata,

as needed

Pro proline (or its radicals)

PROM passive range of

motion; premature rupture

of membranes

psi pounds per square inch

PSV pressure-supported ventilation

PT physical therapy; prothrombin

time

Pt platinum

PTA plasma thromboplastin

antecedent; phosphotungstic

acid; prior to

admission

PTAH phosphotungstic acid

hematoxylin

PTCA percutaneous transluminal

coronary angioplasty

PTH parathyroid hormone

PTT partial thromboplastin

time

PTU prophylthiouracil

Pu plutonium

PUO pyrexia of unknown origin

PUPPP pruritic urticarial

papules and plaques of

pregnancy

PUVA (oral administration

  1. of) psoralen (and subsequent

exposure to) ultraviolet

light of A wavelength

(UV A)

PVC polyvinyl chloride; premature

ventricular contraction

PVL plasma viral load

PVP polyvinylpyrrolidone

(povidone)

q [L.] quisque, every

Q coulomb; volume of blood

flow

Qco2 microliters CO2 given

off per milligram of dryweight

of tissue per hour

mq.d. [L.] quaque die, every

day

q.i.d. [L.] quater in die, four

times a day

QNS quantity not sufficient

Qo oxygen consumption

Qo2 oxygen consumption

mq.o.d. every other day

  1. s. [L.] quantum satis, as

much as is enough; [L.]

quantum sufficiat, as much

as may suffice; quantity

sufficient

r racemic; roentgen

R gas constant (8.315 joules);

(organic) radical; Réamur

(scale) ; [L.] recipe, take;

resistance determinant

(plasmid); resistance (electrical);

resistance (unit) (in

the cardiovascular system);

resolution; respiration; respiratory

(exchange ratio);

roentgen

Ra radium

RA rheumatoid arthritis

rad radian

RAD reactive airways disease

RAS reticular activating system

RAST radioallergosorbent

test

RAV Rous-associated virus

RAW resistance, airway

Rb rubidium

rbc red blood cell; red blood

(cell) count

RBC red blood cell; red blood

(cell) count

RBF renal blood flow

RCM right costal margin

RD reaction of degeneration;

reaction of denervation;

Registered Dietitian

RDA recommended daily

allowance

RDH Registered Dental

Hygienist

rDNA ribosomal DNA

RDS respiratory distress syndrome

RDW red (blood cell) diameter

(or distribution) width

Re rhenium

RE right ear; right eye

rem roentgen equivalent, man

REM rapid eye movement

(sleep); reticular erythematous

mucinosis

rep roentgen equivalent,

physical

RF release factor; rheumatoid

factor

RFA right frontoanterior

(fetal position)

RFLP restriction fragment

length polymorphism

RFP right frontoposterior

(fetal position)

RFT right frontotransverse

(fetal position)

Rh Rhesus (Rh blood group);

rhodium

RH releasing hormone

RIA radioimmunoassay

Rib ribose

RLL right lower lobe

RLQ right lower quadrant

RMA right mentoanterior

(fetal position)

RML right middle lobe

RMP right mentoposterior

(fetal position)

RMT right mentotransverse

(fetal position)

Rn radon

RN Registered Nurse

RNA Registered Nurse

Anesthetist; ribonucleic

acid

RNase ribonuclease

RNC Registered Nurse,

Certified

RNP Registered Nurse

Practitioner

RNP ribonucleoprotein

R/O rule out

ROA right occipitoanterior

(fetal position)

ROM range of motion

ROP right occipitoposterior

(fetal position)

ROS review of systems

ROT right occipitotransverse

(fetal position)

RP retinitis pigmentosa

RP Registered Pharmacist

RPF renal plasma flow

RPh Registered Pharmacist

rpm revolutions per minute

RPR rapid plasma reagin

(test)

RQ respiratory quotient

rRNA ribosomal RNA

RR relative risk

RRR relative risk reduction

Rs resolution

RS respiratory syncytial

(virus)

RSA right sacroanterior (fetal

position)

RSD reflex sympathetic dystrophy

RSP right sacroposterior

(fetal position)

RST right sacrotransverse

(fetal position)

RSV Rous sarcoma virus; respiratory

syncytial virus

RT Radiologic Technologist;

Registered Technologist;

Respiratory Therapist

RTE renal tubular epithelium

rTMP ribothymidylic acid

Ru ruthenium

RUL right upper lobe

RUQ right upper quadrant

RV residual volume; right

ventricle

RVEF right ventricular ejection

fraction

RVH right ventricular hypertrophy

s sigma; reflection coefficient;

standard deviation; 1

millisecond (0.001 sec)

s [L.] semis, half; steady state

(SUBSCRIPT); [L.] sinister,

left

s sine, without

s/s signs and symptoms

S [L.] sinister, left; saturation

of hemoglobin (percentage

  1. of) (followed by subscript

o2 or co2); siemens; spheric;

spheric (lens); sulfur;

Svedberg (unit)

S1 first selfing generation

SA sinuatrial

S-A sinuatrial

SAD seasonal affective disorder

SaO2 oxygen saturation (of)

arterial (oxyhemoglobin)

SARS severe acute respiratory

syndrome

Sb [L.] stibium, antimony

SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis

sc subcutaneous(ly)

Sc scandium

SC sternoclavicular; subcutaneous(

ly)

ScD Doctor of Science

SCID severe combined

immunodeficiency

SD standard deviation;

streptodornase

SDA specific dynamic action

Se selenium

Ser serine

SERM selective estrogen

receptor modulator

Sf Svedberg flotation (constant,

unit)

SGA small for gestational age

SGOT serum glutamicoxaloacetic

transaminase

(aspartate aminotransferase)

SGPT serum glutamic-pyruvic

transaminase (alanine

aminotransferase)

SH serum hepatitis

SI [French] Système

International d’Unités;

International System of

Units

Si silicon

SID source-to-image (-receptor)

distance

SIDS sudden infant death

syndrome

sig. [L.] signa, affix a label,

inscribe

SIMV spontaneous intermittent

mandatory ventilation;

synchronized intermittent

mandatory ventilation

SIRD source-to-image-receptor

distance

SISI small increment (or short

increment) sensitivity index

(test)

SK streptokinase

SL sublingual(ly)

SLE systemic lupus erythematosus

SLR straight leg raising

Sm samarium

SMS Senior Medical Student

Sn [L.] stannum, tin

SN Student Nurse

SOAP subjective data, objective

data, assessment, and

plan (problem oriented

medical record)

SOB short(ness) of breath

sol. solution

soln. solution

SP Speech Pathologist

S/P status post

  1. gr. specific gravity
  2. species

SPA single proton absorptiometry

SPCA serum prothrombin

conversion accelerator (factor

VII)

SPECT single photon emission

computed tomography

SPF sun protection (or protective)

factor

sph spheric (lens)

spm suppression and mutation

spp. species (plural)

SQ subcutaneous

Sr strontium

SRF somatotropin releasing

factor

SRF-A slow reacting factor of

anaphylaxis

SRIF somatotropin-releaseinhibiting

factor

sRNA soluble RNA

SRS slow-reacting substance

(of anaphylaxis)

SRS-A slow-reacting substance

of anaphylaxis

ssDNA single stranded DNA

ssp. subspecies

SSRI selective serotonin

reuptake inhibitor

ST scapulothoracic

stat; STAT [L.] statim,

immediately, at once

STD sexually transmitted disease

STEL short term exposure

limit

STH somatotropic hormone

STI sexually transmitted

infection

STM short-term memory

STPD standard temperature

(۰º C) and pressure (760

mmHg absolute), dry

STS serologic test for syphilis

Sv sievert (unit)

SV sievert (unit)

SVT supraventricular tachycardia

Sz seizure

t metric ton

t temperature (Celsius); tritium

T temperature, absolute

(Kelvin); tension (intraocular);

tera ; tesla; tetanus

(toxoid); tidal (volume)

(SUBSCRIPT); tocopherol;

transverse (tubule); tritium;

tumor (antigen)

T absolute temperature

(Kelvin)

T! decreased tension (pressure)

T+ increased tension (pressure)

T3 3,5,5´ triiodothyronine

T4 tetraiodothyronine (thyroxine)

T & A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

T & C type and crossmatch

Ta tantalum

TA Terminologia Anatomica

tab tablet

TAC transient aplastic crisis

TAD transient acantholytic

dermatosis

TAF tumor angiogenesis factor

TAH total abdominal hysterectomy

TAR thrombocytopenia with

absent radii (syndrome)

TAT thematic apperception

test

Tb terbium

TB tuberculosis

TBG thyroid-binding globulin

TBP thyroxine-binding protein

TBV total blood volume

Tc technetium

۹۹mTc technetium 99m

TCA tricarboxylic acid;

trichloracetic acid

TCN talocalcaneonavicular

(joint)

Td tetanus-diphtheria (toxoids,

adult type)

TDP ribothymidine 5´ diphosphate

Te tellurium

TEDD total end-diastolic

diameter

TEN toxic epidermal necrolysis

TESD total end-systolic

diameter

TFCI transient focal cerebral

ischemia

Th thorium

THC tetrahydrocannabinol

Thr threonine (or its radicals)

Ti titanium

ti/ttot duty cycle

TIA transient ischemic attack

TIBC total iron-binding

capacity

t.i.d. [L.] ter in die, three

times a day

tinct. tincture

TITh 3,5,3´ triiodothyronine

mt.i.w. three times a week

TKO to keep (venous infusion

line) open

Tl thallium

TLC thin layer chromatography;

total lung capacity;

tender, loving care

TLV threshold-limit value

tm temperature midpoint

(Celsius)

Tm temperature midpoint

(Kelvin)

Tm thulium; tubular maximal

(excretory capacity of kidneys)

TM transport maximum

TMJ temporomandibular

joint

TMP ribothymidine 5´

monophosphate

TMT tarsometatarsal

TMV tobacco mosaic virus

Tn (ocular) tension; (intraocular)

tension normal

TNF tumor necrosis factor

TNM tumor, node, metastasis

(tumor staging)

TORCH toxoplasmosis,

other, rubella,

cytomegalovirus, and herpes

simplex (maternal

infections)

t-PA, TPA tissue plasminogen

activator

TPHA Treponema pallidum

hemagglutination (test)

TPI Treponema pallidum

immobilization (test)

TPN total parenteral nutrition

TPR temperature, pulse, and

respirations

  1. tincture

TRH thyrotropin releasing

hormone (stimulation test)

TRIC trachoma inclusion

conjunctivitis (organism)

tRNA transfer RNA

Trp tryptophan (and its radicals)

TSH thyroid stimulating hormone

TSS toxic shock syndrome

TSTA tumor-specific transplantation

antigen

TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic

purpura

TU toxic unit, toxin unit

TUR transurethral resection

TVUS transvaginal ultrasound

Tx treatment

Tyr tyrosine (and its radicals)

U uranium; uridine (in polymers);

urinary (concentration)

mU unit

UA urinalysis

UDP uridine diphosphate

UDPG uridine diphosphate

glucose

UGIS upper gastrointestinal

series

UMP uridine monophosphate

(uridylic acid)

u-PA urokinase

UPJ ureteropelvic junction

Urd uridine

URI upper respiratory infection

US ultrasound

USAN United States Adopted

Names (Council)

USP United States

Pharmacopeia

USPHS United States Public

Health Service

UTI urinary tract infection

UTP uridine triphosphate

UV ultraviolet

UVB ultraviolet B

UVJ ureterovesical junction

v venous (blood); volt

V vanadium; vision; visual

(acuity); volt; volume (frequently

with subscripts

denoting location, chemical

species, and conditions)

V .

ventilation; gas flow (frequently

with subscripts

indicating location and

chemical species); ventilation;

VA alveolar ventilation

V .

a/Q

.

ventilation/perfusion

ratio

V1CV6 unipolar precordial

electrocardiogram chest

leads

VA viral antigen

V-A ventriculoatrial

Val valine (and its radicals)

VATER vertebral defects,

imperforate anus, tracheoesophageal

fistula with

esophageal atresia, and

radial and renal dysplasia

(complex)

VBAC vaginal birth after

cesarean

VC vision, color; vital capacity

VCE vagina, (ecto)cervix,

endocervical canal

VD (physiologic) dead space

VDRL Venereal Disease

Research Laboratory (test)

VHDL very high density

lipoprotein

VIP vasoactive intestinal

polypeptide

VLDL very low density

lipoprotein

VMA vanillylmandelic acid

(test)

Vmax maximal velocity

VN Visiting Nurse,

Vocational Nurse

VO vocal order

VP vasopressin

VR vocal resonance

VS vital signs; volumetric

solution

VT tidal volume

VZIG varicella-zoster

immune globulin

W watt; [German] Wolfram,

tungsten

Wb weber

WBC white blood cell; white

blood (cell) count

WC Ward Clerk

WD well-developed

WDLL well-differentiated

lymphocytic (or lymphatic)

lymphoma

WEE western equine

encephalomyelitis

WHO World Health

Organization

WN well nourished

WNV West Nile virus

X xanthosine

Xao xanthosine

Xe xenon

۱۳۳Xe xenon 133

XU excretory urogram

Y yttrium

YAG yttrium-aluminum-garnet

(laser)

Yb ytterbium

Z carbobenzoxy (chloride)

ZEEP zero end-expiratory

pressure

ZES Zollinger Ellison syndrome

Zn zinc

۶۵Zn zinc 65

Zr zirconium

ZSR zeta sedimentation ratio


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